Back Pain Treatments: Aquatic Therapy

Aquatic therapy, also known as water therapy exercises, pool therapy, or hydrotherapy, is a program of exercises or endurance exercises that are done in a pool, and a great low impact environment for back pain patients to work in. With the previous technology out there, water therapy was designed more for the elderly patient population who either wanted an age appropriate form of exercise. Today, with various accessories that are designed for use in the water, and certain jet pools designed for aerobic activities, there are water exercises out there that can challenge patients of all ages and health situations. Exercises that raise the heart rate and those that build muscle are expected to help all people regardless of their health or chronic condition. Patients with diabetes, spinal cord injury, arthritis, and back pain may slow degenerative processes by increasing the movement of their muscles and promoting healthy circulation by exercising and moving. Just sitting there and waiting for the condition to get worse is not an option for anybody. Patients, no matter what their medical condition is, need to get moving again, stretching their limbs, pushing and pulling against a resistance, and maintaining muscle tone, to slow the aging process and protect their joints. Aquatic therapy may help in this regard, to help people to exercise who may have reduced mobility, due to condition such as spinal stenosis or diabetes. These exercises may help patients with nerve damage or those who have difficulty walking or standing for prolonged periods of time. Nearly all medical conditions can improve and become more manageable with aquatic exercise.

Water therapy provides many of the same benefits associated with a land-based exercise program, including exercises that are physically challenging to the muscles and those that are designed for endurance, to promote cardiovascular health. There are an unlimited number of water exercises that patients could do in the water, more than enough options for physical trainers, physical therapists, and doctors to design a program for anyone, including someone treatment for back pain. Here's some aquatic therapy exercises to do in the pool.

Knee-to-chest exercise: The knee to chest exercises is performed alternately, from one leg to the other, to increase strength and flexibility in the lower back, hip and leg. For this exercise, stand in the pool with the leg holding you up slightly bent, your hand against the side of the pool, and one leg out and slightly bent. Raise the leg up towards your chest and then back down.

Leg raise exercise: This exercise also include the person at the side of the pool, and balancing with one leg in the water, and one hand on the side of the pool. The person will raise the other straightened leg up towards the surface of the water, and back down. The person will alternate legs.

Pool walking exercises: The person will walk forwards and backwards in the lap section of the pool, at a brisk pace, with taking care of not putting any unnecessary pressure on their legs and knees. This exercise may be very beneficial to people with arthritis who want to try to stay in shape, but who experience too much pain and soreness from regular walking.