Back Pain Treatment
A back pain treatment is a mode of therapy that is designed to eliminate the cause of back pain, or to reduce the severity of the symptoms. Back pain treatments may include psychological therapies, pharmaceutical medications, natural (holistic) medications, physical therapy, and manual manipulations of the body. These treatments are designed to get at the physical source of the back pain or to address some of the underlying causes of disability, such as depression or anxiety.
Various low-tech and high-tech methods may be used to determine the cause of the patient's pain, and to treat it. Low tech back pain treatments include massage therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and the Alexander technique. These are low tech techniques because they don't include artificially manufactured medications/supplements and because they usually don't require any special pieces of equipment or technology. These treatments typically involve the back expert either putting their hands on the patient to treat physical problems or instability. Or these treatments involve the healthcare expert watching the patient move and work, and suggest better ways in order to put less stress on the joints and lower back.
Various high-tech treatment methods include electro-acupuncture, peripheral nerve stimulation, pharmaceutical medications, injections, and back surgery. These methods involve the use of electricity or technology products and treatments that they wouldn't have access to at home.
Physical Management: When many patients first begin suffering from the effects of a back problem, the physical symptoms may cause both physical pain and take away a person's confidence. These physical and emotional effects may take a toll on the body and lead to a much more sedentary way of life. People may begin scaling back on all physical activities and move towards a bedridden path.
Most back experts do actually recommend that when a person does hurt their back that they limit the types of movements that caused their physical symptoms. On the other hand, it is a fact that back pain is often a result of many factors and not the cause of one type of repetitive movement of traumatic injury. To this end, many doctors and experts believe that a person with back pain must maintain an active lifestyle and not stay in bed for more than a few days following the onset of the acute pain.
Physical management includes all of the types of physical activities that a person does to make their backs and core muscles stronger and more flexible. Physical management includes things as simple as walking to high tech devices such as Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) machines. In order for a person to begin to feel better, muscle tension must be alleviated, the pain signals coming from the nerves must be minimized, and the body must be made strong enough to prevent future injuries.
Let's take a look at the McKenzie method as one type of treatment that is designed to stabilize the back and make it less prone to future injuries. Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) was published in 1981 by a physical therapist in order to provide new protocols to physiotherapists to help to identify and treat physical problems in the body. This treatment may involve manual therapies, but its primary focus is to teach self help strategies that the patient may be able to do on their own, at home.
The McKenzie method usually involves one on one treatment sessions with a physical therapist. The overall result of the program is to provide the patient with a customized program of exercises that they may be able to do on their own outside of the office.
Pain related to back problems may be felt in and around the spine, or in the extremities, with conditions such as sciatica. Robin McKenzie observed in his clinical experience that patients were able to tolerate the "centralized" better than the pain in their leg and feet. Centralized pain is pain closer to the spine. He came up with treatment programs that resulted in the physical pain moving away from the leg to the lower back.