Back spasms are muscle spasms (usually in the lower back) where a muscle contracts without control as a way for the body to limit motion in an injured area. Back spasms may be can be both painful and terrifying, to lose control of your back muscles to the point that they contract involuntarily. The cause of back spasms can vary immensely, from an injury, lack or stimulation (couch potato) or damage to the anatomy of the back (herniation). The treatment for back spasms may be over the counter medications to more powerful medical interventions, depending on the severity of the symptoms.
The treatments or interventions for back spasms may depend on the root cause of the problem. While the experience you feel, uncontrollable contractions of the muscles, is a muscular symptom, the cause may be the structure around the spine. Some anatomical problem may cause the nerves radiating from the spine to be compressed. It could be this compression of the nerve roots that cause the associated muscles to contract and quiver, causing you so much pain. Or you could have simply overtaxed the lumbar muscles, causing them to contract uncontrollably. Once the cause has been determined, a back pain expert could work with you to set up a custom treatment schedule to make you better again. Here are some treatments for back spasms.
Cooling/Ice Packs - Back spasms may be treated with an ice pack to limit swelling and blood flow, both which produce increased pain, following a trauma to the area. Cold packs may also be the next option if you have already tried a hot pack to an area, with no positive results.
Hot Packs - You may find it a little confusing for me to mention cold packs and hot packs as alternatives of each other for the treatment of the same problem. But back treatment is an exact science, and no two cases are really alike. Two back pain sufferers may experience the same symptoms to the same exact location, with very different causes. Heat packs may heat the muscles and tendons and ligaments in and around the affected area, to increase flood flow and increase flexibility. The increased blood flow may help to move nutrients in to the damaged tissues so that they have what they need to heal. The increased blood flow to the area, as a result of the applied heat may also facility movement of toxins out of the affected area, also to promote the healing process.
Bed Rest - At least for the first 72 hours, most experts recommend bed rest. If you have family or loved ones available, call upon them to assist you so that you don't have to do any heavy lifting, or long driving. You may need to take a couple of sick days from work in order to give your back a chance to recuperate.
Elevation - You should try some different position when resting and sleeping, to take pressure off the muscles and joints affected. Lay on your bed or the floor, and elevate your legs to take some of the pressure off your back.