Topics about the Causes of Back Pain

Back pain is a symptoms; it is not a disease in and of itself. Back pain may be one of the symptoms of disease, a structural problem in the back, or possibly an infection that began in the spine or spread there from another part of the body. For most patients, it would be implausible to say that the cause of their pain was due to purely psychological issues such as depression and anxiety. Yet the way a person feels and their ability to cope with pain appears to play a large role in the intensity of pain that a person experiences due to a back condition. Let's take a look at some of the most interesting topics about the causes of back pain.

Below is a comprehensive list of the types of medical problems that can cause back pain.

Mechanical problems: A mechanical problem is a problem where a person experiences back pain due to a degeneration of one or more structures in the spine due to wear and tear. A mechanical problem is back pain that occurs due to the way your spine moves or the way you feel when your spine moves in certain ways. The most common type of mechanical problem is degenerative disc disease. As we age, our discs that separate the vertebral bones lose their height and volume from the inside, or its outer casing ruptures from the outside. When the outer envelope of the disc ruptures, the condition is known as a herniated disc (also called prolapsed discs, ruptured discs, or slipped discs). When the nucleus of the disc, begins to dry out, the disc becomes smaller and shrinks in height. This loss of disc height may progress to the point where the vertebral bones come in contact with one another and wear each other out. These changes to the discs and the health of the vertebral bones may lead to back pain if the back is stressed. This is a mechanical problem that may occur in the front of the spine. Another mechanical problem which may affect the spine is the wearing out of the facet joints which link the vertebral bones together at the back of the spine. Other mechanical caused of back pain include muscle tension and back spasms.



Injuries: In the above paragraph, we described structural problems with the spine that occur due to degenerative changes to the discs, facet joints, and back muscles. Injuries are another cause of negative structural changes to the spine that result in back pain. Spine injuries may occur due to traumas or accidents, or they may occur due to less exciting events such as the lifting and moving of objects using bad body mechanics and postures. In most cases, the types of injuries that cause back pain are acute back pain cases where some type of awkward movement caused a muscle sprain or a ligament strain. Usually, cases of acute back pain resolve themselves from a matter of days to up to a month, at the most. In some cases, though, injuries may lead to situations where patients experience chronic back pain. Conditions that may lead to more serious or longer-lasting pain conditions include cases where the injuries result in vertebral fractures. Fractures of the vertebrae may occur in the event of violent conditions or accidents. Or vertebral fractures may occur in cases where patients with a bone disease break one of their vertebral bones from a simple fall.

Acquired Conditions and Diseases: Back pain may be one of the symptoms of a systemic medical condition that affect joints, bones, or other organs throughout the body. One of these medical problems that may or may not have a known cause is scoliosis. Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. In most cases, this lateral curvature is defined as idiopathic scoliosis, meaning that there is no known cause of the abnormal curvature. In other cases, the cause of scoliosis is due to systemic diseases of the muscles and nerves (neuromuscular scoliosis) or scoliosis that was found to be present at birth (congenital scoliosis).

Arthritis, in all its forms, falls under the umbrella of back pain caused by acquired conditions and diseases. The various forms of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that is due to wear and tear of the joints of the spine. The other two forms of arthritis are systemic inflammatory diseases that affect multiple joints simultaneously, when flare-ups of the disease do occur.

Other causes of back pain include the condition of fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a condition that affect the supportive linings of the muscles and other connective tissues, known as the fascia. The idea behind fibromyalgia is emotions and other factors cause chronic tension in the fascia, resulting in chronic pain.

Other medical problems which may cause back pain include endometriosis, kidney stones and kidney disease, and pregnancy.