Fascia and Back Pain
208 bones make up the frame of your body. The muscle groups of your body provide movement of the bones. The ligaments and tendons, joints cartilage, and fascia of your body also help to facilitate movement and to hold the body together. The fascia is like a webbing of connective tissue that hold your skin in place, keep your internal organs suspended in the body cavities, and make up the outer covering of many of your muscles. Many people are aware of back spasms, where the muscles of a person's back contract involuntarily, or cause pain due to chronic tightness that won't seem to loosen up. This same tightness or shortening may occur in certain sections of the fascia in our back to cause back pain. Certain tense areas of our fascia that are known to contribute to back pain symptoms are also known as trigger points. It is important for your healthcare practitioner to be aware of myofascial pain, and how to treat it, or the treatment that you get for your back pain may only provide you with temporary relief.
If certain sections of the fascia in your back become tense, due to trauma or other disease causing changes, they may tighten and contract. This tension in certain section of the fascia layer may cause stiffness that you may become aware of, or it may cause pressure on nearby nerves that send pain signals to the brain. Myofascial release therapy for these tight trigger points may provide you with immediate and long lasting pain relief.
The fascia line the interior or exterior of nearly every organ and structure of our body. When we are young and healthy, the fascia is a sophisticated webbing of connective tissue that is relaxed and wavy in configuration. It's main goal is to hold the body structures in place, whether we are moving or at rest. When healthy, the fascia has the ability to stretch and move without restriction. However, due to injury, personal crisis, or wear and tear type changes to our backs, the fascia may lose its pliability. In certain areas of this web network of connective tissue, the fascia may become dense, tight, and restricted in its ability to move and support the muscles of the back. We may feel the effects of this tension in the form of stiffness or pain. If the patient does not receive any type of treatment to try to bring the fascia back into a supple and flexible state, the stiffness and back pain symptoms may continue and turn into a chronic problem.
Myofascial release is a proven technique designed to reverse the disease process causing chronic tension in the fascia of our backs. Myofascial release involves that detection and treatment of certain areas of the fascia that have become especially tense/tight due to either injury, stress, or other structural imbalances in our back. This technique is applies through gentle sustained pressure into the myofascial connective tissue. The practitioner will use his hands, thumbs, and palms to apply a low load (gentle pressure) to the viscoelastic medium (fascia). Though a single treatment session, or a series of sessions, the viscoelastic medium (fascia) should begin to loosen, elongate, and to resume its ideal shape. Once these tight points in the fascia have been healed through this type of therapy, patients should feel looser, with significant symptom relief.