How to Prevent Back Pain
Back pain may be a problem that was years in the making before you finally began to experience the symptoms of your back condition. By the time your back problems have progressed to the point that you experience pain related to certain changes in your spine, the condition may be one that you will have to manage for the rest of your life. In other cases, your pain may be the result of a muscle strain that will correct itself with a little rest. In any case, the best case of treating your back condition will be of preventing it. Here are some tips on how to prevent back pain.
Often the best way to prevent back pain as well as any type of illness is to prevent it from happening in the first place. If you pursue healthy living habits, your entire body may remain strong, which may prevent the synovial joints and intervertebral discs from wearing out faster. Also you must consider that the human back was not built for human sitting or standing in motionless positions for long periods f the day. These types of positions may cause certain muscles in the back and lower torso from becoming overused and certain muscles from becoming underutilized. These factors that affect the muscles may result in changes to our posture, which puts more pressure on the lower back, and pressure being placed on certain spinal nerves, such as the sciatic nerve. Let's take a look at some factors that may cause back pain, and certain steps we may take to prevent movements and activities that hurt our backs.
Are Certain Occupations High Risk for Back Pain? There are several factors related to the architecture of the human vertebral spine that enable it to sustain the pressures of gravity as we take erect postures, lift heaving weights and jump down from raised elevations. The discs of our spine act as shock absorbers as the weight of gravity pressed down on the spine. The curves of our backs act to disperse pressure throughout the spine. The core muscles in front of and in back of the spine support its movements. Yet all of these structures are designed to support the spine, they are generally not designed to help us perform weight bearing tasks as we are bending and twisting. Our arms and legs are designed to do the heaving lifting of the body as we lift, push, and carry heavy objects. This may help to explain why construction workers may have a lower incidence of lower back pain than nurses.
Workers in occupations such as nursing and sanitation workers often have to perform awkward lifting techniques while their bodies are in awkward lifting positions. For Nurses, there is sometimes just no way to keep their backs straight the entire times they are lifting patients from a stretcher to a hospital bed, or from a gurney to an examination table. It is difficult for nurses to get to leverage or to use the power of their legs when trying to move a patient from a gurney to a bed. Garbage collectors also must endure occupational hazards that may cause harm to their backs. These collectors must perform motions that require lifting and twisting, which may make the joints of the back vulnerable to injury.
Solutions: There may be no way to address all of the occupational hazards that these types of workers face as they do their daily jobs, but many do have available resources available to avoid injury risk. For example, there are many new devices available to nurses that enable them the ability to lift very heaving patients with very little physical exertion. One such device is a Hoyer Lift. A Hoyer Lift is a machine that can help a single nurse the ability to lift patients weighting up to several hundred pounds. This device includes an arm that may lift patients up using hydraulic power. This arm is attached to a base that may transport patients from one location to another via mechanical controls. With this device, the nurses or healthcare workers fit the patient with a sling that is fitted around their body, including under their body, legs, and arms. This sling is attached to the arm of the patient lift, and the nurse may raise the patient off the bed, commode, or wheelchair, for transport to another location.