Musculoskeletal Disorders

The human musculoskeletal system consists of the bones of our skeletal, and the muscles and associated structures that are involves in our conscious movement of our bones and our body. The bones that make up our skeleton make up the framework of our body, and the skeletal muscles of our body provide the tools for moving the bones. Associated connective tissue structures in the musculoskeletal system include the ligaments (connect bone to bone), tendons (connect muscle to bone), and the joints. The joints of our body are typically located between the spaces where the two bones meet. Another key connective tissue of this system, which doesn't get much attention but is thought to be a common cause of back pain and muscle related pain, are the fascia. The fascia, or myofascia, are the connective tissue coverings of the muscles, which protect against friction as muscle groups slide against one another. The myofascia also bind groups of muscles to one another. When all of these separate but interconnected musculoskeletal structures are healthy and in balance with one another, we remain strong, and experience comfort and ease of motion as we go about our everyday life and responsibilities. We may experience pain when our connective tissue are pulled beyond their normal range of motion (sprain), when our muscles are stretched beyond their healthy range of motion (strain), and when our joints begin to wear out, and due to age related changes or systemic disease (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis). Here is a list of some of the most common musculoskeletal disorders.

Spondylosis: Spondylosis is a nonspecific term that refers to any degenerative lesion of the spine, similar to arthritis. Degenerative spine conditions that fall under the umbrella of spondylosis include degenerative disc disease, osteoarthritis, cervical spinal stenosis, and lumbar spinal stenosis.



Ergonomics for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders: As stated in the information above, some of the musculoskeletal conditions and problems that cause us to have back pain and other associated pain symptoms are out of our control, including congenital problems, disease, and injury. But the latest research and testimonials from the users on this website have shown that in many cases, the causes of our joint pain and back pain symptoms can be traced back to our lifestyle, our daily activates, and the way we hold our bodies. Though research breakthroughs in technology, minimally-invasive surgical techniques, and treatments continue giving us more cutting edge ways to treat orthopedic injuries, often the best way to treat and prevent injuries and prolong the life of our joints is through the use of good ergonomics in our life. Ergonomics is includes the way we position and move our bodies while working, moving objects, and doing repetitive exercises and activities at home at work. Ergonomics may describe the types of equipment or workstations we use at work and the positions of our bodies at we work and use these work stations. Ideally, when we work, travel, and move objects, we will do so using postures and techniques that put a minimal amount of stress on our bodies. Though the bones and muscles of healthy bodies are very strong, the cartilage and synovial membranes in our joints, as well as the ligaments and tendons of our bodies are sensitive to poor posture and are not designed for weight bearing or repetitive strain. Due to poor posture and poor workplace ergonomics, we may be vulnerable to musculoskeletal injuries such as tendonitis, lordosis and kyphosis of the spine, and repetitive strain injuries. In order to prevent these types of orthopedic problems, there are various agencies, such as OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) and online resources that offer guidelines on how we should hold our bodies and move objects when we are at the workplace.