Types of Back Pain

In order to relieve your back pain, you are going to have to describe to your doctor where the pain hurt, what types of symptoms you are experiencing, and how long you have been suffering. This information will give your doctor a lot of insight into your back problem before he even puts his hands on you or runs any diagnostic tests. It is important to identify what type of back pain you have for the doctor to be able to pick an appropriate treatment to relieve it.



What does your pain feel like? Can you describe it? Is the pain a dull throbbing, burning, tingling, or have that pins and needles sensation? Is your back stiff? If so, does this stiffness go away over the course of the day? Do you feel pops or grinding noises when you turn your head or flex/extend the back? Is your pain centralized to one location or does it radiate away from the site of injury. Does the pain extend down one of your legs (a sign symptom of sciatica)? These are some of the questions your doctor is going to ask you about your back pain condition in order to differentiate between the different types of pain you may have.

Back pain isn't all the same it can be shooting or stationary, achy or sharp, and mild to severe. The symptoms you present to the doctor will point him towards a correct diagnosis. And the doctor must make an accurate diagnosis to properly treat you for the problem you have.

Here are the types of pain that you may be diagnosed with, according you your medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic testing.

Muscle Pain: Muscle pain includes pain that is triggered from the muscles that support the lumbar and cervical spine. Muscle pain may be brought on by fibromyalgia, emotional stress and tension, prolonged physical stress, and overexertion. Typical, muscle pain injuries are self healing, though there are instances where the muscles may remain tense and tight due to stress levels and other factors. Muscles may develop knots in specific areas of the tissue known as trigger points, and may linger in the absence of a muscle treatment that loosens them and breaks them up. Treatments for muscle pain may include stress relief activities ad massage therapy.

Muscle spasm: a muscle spasm is a sudden powerful contraction of the muscles. This forceful reaction of the muscle may occur in response an injury in a structure that the muscle connects to. The muscle may remain in a state of spasm from seconds to days, and it will be extremely painful until it un-flexes itself. The muscle will feel painful to the touch, painful to move, and very dense and hard. This is an adaptive response by the body to protect an injury to the muscles themselves, or another structure in the spine from becoming further injured.

Think of the last time your accidentally touches a burning hot object. Your body actually pulled your hand back before you even registered pain. Some part of your body, such as the disc or nerve, because traumatized or degenerated to the point that your body sprung into action to freeze up that part of the body to prevent the injury from progressing. That is what is happening to trigger this powerful reaction from the muscle group. The term muscle spasm is used interchangeably with back spasm. Back spasms can happen in any of the muscle groups that move the back or support the spine.

Headache: Headaches that are associated with injuries to the neck muscles or elements of the cervical spine are called cervical headaches or cervicogenic headaches.

Facet Joint pain describes pain whose source comes from the facet joints, which like together the vertebrae at the posterior side of the spine.

Other types of back pain include nerve pain, referred pain, and bone pain.